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In Koshi Province, Nepal, the prevalence of visual impairment, uncorrected refractive errors, and effective coverage of refractive errors were assessed using the Rapid Assessment of Refractive Errors eye


Data availability

The data that support the findings of this study are not openly available as authors are analyzing  the data for other manuscripts. Data are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

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Acknowledgements

We express our gratitude to Dr Chet Raj Pant, Chairman and Dr Sailesh Mishra, Executive Director of NNJS for valuable guidance and support. Mr. Kumar Prithu, Hospital Manager, Md. Rafique, Mr. Dipendra Chaudhary of BEH for logistics and HR support. The Ophthalmic Assistants (Sabin Kumar Mahato, Bijay Tamang, Indrajeet Kumar Yadav, Shivram Chaudhary) and Community Eye Health Workers (Rita Pradhan, Parshuram Shrestha, Shrawn Majhi, Manish Khawash), Optometrists (Pankaj Ray Adhikari and Sanjay Kumar Shah), Similarly, Dhiraj Mandal, Gautam Majhi, Mithlesh Meheta, Rupesh Kumar, Sanjay Kamat are acknowledged for their contributions.

Funding

This study was funded by OneSight Essilor Luxottica Foundation, USA.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

  1. Eastern Regional Eye Care Program, Biratnagar Eye Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal

    Rajiv Ranjan Karn & Sudhir Kumar Thakur

  2. Allen Foster Community Eye Health Research Centre, Gullapalli Pratibha Rao International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye care, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India

    Srinivas Marmamula & Ranindita Saha

  3. Brien Holden Institute of Optometry and Vision Science, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India

    Srinivas Marmamula

  4. Wellcome Trust/Department of Biotechnology India Alliance, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India

    Srinivas Marmamula

  5. School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, Australia

    Srinivas Marmamula

  6. Biratnagar Eye Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal

    Rakshya Pant Sitoula & Amit Kumar Mehta

  7. Nepal Netra Jyoti Sangh, Kathmandu, Nepal

    Ranjan Shah

  8. Prashasa Health Consultants, Hyderabad, India

    Saibaba Saravanan

  9. OneSight Essilor Luxottica Foundation, Mason, OH, USA

    Rahul Ali

Authors

  1. Rajiv Ranjan Karn

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  2. Srinivas Marmamula

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  3. Sudhir Kumar Thakur

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  4. Rakshya Pant Sitoula

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  5. Ranjan Shah

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  6. Amit Kumar Mehta

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  7. Ranindita Saha

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  8. Saibaba Saravanan

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  9. Rahul Ali

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Contributions

Study concept and design: SM. Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: RRK, RSH, AKM, SM. Drafting of the manuscript: RRK, SM, RSA. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: SS, RSH, SKT, RPS. Statistical analysis: SM, RRK.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Rajiv Ranjan Karn.

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Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

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Karn, R.R., Marmamula, S., Thakur, S.K. et al. Prevalence of visual impairment, uncorrected refractive errors and effective refractive error coverage in Koshi Province, Nepal - Rapid Assessment of Refractive Errors. Eye (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41433-023-02786-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41433-023-02786-4

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